A good introduction to myself o Amazon|
Хорошее введение в себя
Hyvä johdanto itseeni
A good introduction to myself
That was what it is: a jolly good introduction to anybody, to me, to you, and to Jacob Bronski, even to Albert Einstein. Path of development of man from original living cell millions of years ago to the bearer of brain more ingenious than the latest brand of computer available. All in thirteen steps on the Earth. A battle for survival of the fittest. An unbroken chain of getting food and shelter to enable physical and psychic steps forward to the final unknown destiny of man.
Somehow I expected more mathematical proof than this enormous amount of intuition in finding factual evidence all over in the world and quite close to anybody.
Хорошее введение в себя
Это было то, что это: веселое хорошее знакомство с кем угодно, со мной, с тобой и с Джейкобом Бронски, даже с Альбертом Эйнштейном. Путь развития человека от оригинальной живой клетки миллионы лет назад до носителя мозга более изобретателен, чем новейшая доступная марка компьютеров. Всего тринадцать ступеней на Земле. Битва за выживание сильнейших. Непрерывная цепь получения пищи и укрытия, позволяющая физическим и психическим шагам продвигаться к конечной неизвестной судьбе человека.
Каким-то образом я ожидал большего математического доказательства, чем эта огромная интуиция, в поиске фактических доказательств по всему миру и в непосредственной близости от кого-либо.
Hyvä johdanto itseeni
Se oli mitä se on: riemukas, hyvä johdanto itseensä kenelle tahansa, minulle, sinulle ja Jacob Bronskille, jopa Albert Einsteinille. Ihmisen kehityspolku alkuperäisestä elävästä solusta miljoonia vuosia sitten aivojen kantajaan, jotka ovat nerokkaammat kuin viimeisin saatavilla oleva tietokonemerkki. Kaikki kolmetoista askelta maan päällä. Taistelua sopivimman selviytymisen puolesta. Katkeamaton ruoka- ja suojaketju, joka mahdollistaa fyysiset ja psyykkiset askeleet eteenpäin ihmisen lopulliseen tuntemattomaan kohtaloon.
Jotenkin odotin matemaattisempia todisteita kuin tätä valtavaa intuitiota löytääkseen tosiasiallisia todisteita kaikkialta maailmasta ja aivan läheltä meitä kaikkia.
Viime hetkeen asti minulla oli mielessä neljä tähteä, mutta kuinka voin kieltää viiden lopulta? Niin paljon tyydytystä tämän lukemisesta, siis viisi tähteä Jacob Bronowskille.
Huomautukset Remarks Замечания20200601-Kindle
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|2. 1,331,331,sci,eng,20200523,20200601,5,Jacob Bronowski: The Ascent Of Man||???|
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|23||0001||CHAPTER ONE: LOWER THAN THE ANGELS|
|35||0002||CHAPTER TWO: THE HARVEST OF THE SEASONS|
|75||0003||CHAPTER THREE: THE GRAIN IN THE STONE|
|95||0004||CHAPTER FOUR: THE HIDDEN STRUCTURE|
|119||0005||CHAPTER FIVE: THE MUSIC OF THE SPHERES|
|143||0006||CHAPTER SIX: THE STARRY MESSENGER|
|169||0007||CHAPTER SEVEN: THE MAJESTIC CLOCKWORK|
|197||0008||CHAPTER EIGHT THE DRIVE FOR POWER|
|219||0009||CHAPTER NINE: THE LADDER OF CREATION|
|243||0010||CHAPTER TEN: WORLD WITHIN WORLD|
|267||0011||CHAPTER ELEVEN: KNOWLEDGE OR CERTAINTY|
|287||0012||CHAPTER TWELVE: GENERATION UPON GENERATION|
|309||0013||CHAPTER THIRTEEN THE LONG CHILDHOOD|
The athlete’s mind is fixed ahead of him, building up his skill; and he vaults in imagination into the future.
It is the change in the teeth that signals the separation of the line that leads to man, when it comes.
The first harbinger that we have is Ramapithecus, found in Kenya
Australopithecus surely had a long childhood, as all the primates do; at the age of ten, say, the survivors were still children. Therefore there must have been a social organisation in which children were looked after and (as it were) adopted, were made part of the community, and so in some general sense were educated. That is a great step towards cultural evolution.
But he has what no other animal possesses, a jigsaw of faculties which alone, over three thousand million years of life, make him creative. Every animal leaves traces of what it was; man alone leaves traces of what he created.
The northern climate had been temperate for immemorial ages – literally for several hundred million years. Yet before before Homo erectus settled in China and northern Europe, a sequence of three separate Ice Ages began.
Fossils that recount the cultural evolution of man in an orderly progression. Rock painting of a reindeer hunt, Los Caballos Shelter, Valtorta Gorge, Castellon, Eastern Spain. The invention of the bow and arrow came at the end of the last Ice Age.
For us, the cave paintings re-create the hunter’s way of life as a glimpse of history; we look through them into the past. But for the hunter, I suggest, they were a peep-hole into the future; he looked ahead.
The wheel is found for the first time before 3000 BC in what is now southern Russia.
The sequence of domestication is orderly. First comes the dog, perhaps even before 10,000 BC. Then come food animals, beginning with goats and sheep. And then come draught animals such as the onager, a kind of wild ass. About five thousand years ago, a new draught animal appears – the horse. around 2000 BC, men discovered how to ride it. The idea must have been as startling in its day as the invention of the flying machine.
Spaniards overwhelmed the armies of Peru (who had never seen a horse) in 1532. never seen a horse) in 1532. The Greeks when they saw the Scythian riders believed the horse and the rider to be one; that is how they invented the legend of the centaur.
But war, organised war, is not a human instinct. It is a highly planned and co-operative form of theft.
In the step from the village to the city, a new community organisation is built, based on the division of labour and on chains of command.
Astronomy is the knowledge that guides us through the cycle of the seasons – for example, by the apparent movement of the sun. In this way there can be fixed a time when men should plant, should harvest, move their herds and so on.
Why were the paths of the planets so complicated? Because, he decided, we look at them from the place where we happen to be standing, the earth. Like the pioneers of perspective, Copernicus asked, Why not look at them from another place?
So it is no wonder that when, late in 1608, some spectacle-makers from Flanders invented a primitive form of spyglass, they came to try to sell it to the Republic of Venice.
The testing time came in 1632 when Galileo finally got his book, the Dialogue on the Great World Systems, into print. Urban VIII was outraged.
That is to say, Galileo was twice more brought into this room and allowed to testify on his own behalf; but no questions were asked of him. The verdict was reached at a meeting of the Congregation of the Holy Office over which the Pope presided, which laid down absolutely what was to be done. The dissident scientist was to be humiliated; authority was to be shown large not only in action but in intention. Galileo was to retract; and he was to be shown the instruments of torture as if they were to be used.
The genius of men like Newton and Einstein lies in that: they ask transparent, innocent questions which turn out to have catastrophic answers.
It is almost impertinent to talk of the ascent of man in the presence of two men, Newton and Einstein, who stride like gods. Of the two, Newton is the Old Testament god; it is Einstein who is the New Testament figure. He was full of humanity, pity, a sense of enormous sympathy.
The men who make it are craftsmen: the millwright, the watchmaker, the canal builder, the blacksmith. What makes the Industrial Revolution so peculiarly English is that it is rooted in the countryside.
The Renaissance established the dignity of man. The Industrial Revolution established the unity of nature.
Cloning is the stabilisation of one form, and that runs against the whole current of creation – of human creation above all. Evolution is founded in variety and creates diversity; and of all animals, man is most creative because he carries and expresses the largest store of variety. Every attempt to make us uniform, biologically, emotionally, or intellectually, is a betrayal of the evolutionary thrust that has made man
And to this day the wonderful work on animal behaviour by Konrad Lorenz naturally makes us seek for likeness between the duck and the tiger and man; or B. F. Skinner’s psychological work on pigeons and rats. They tell us something about man. But they cannot tell us everything. There must be something unique about man because otherwise, evidently, the ducks would be lecturing about Konrad Lorenz, and the rats would be writing papers about B. F. Skinner.
no language until the age of thirteen, then it is almost impossible for it to learn at all. I speak English because I learned Polish at the age of two. I have forgotten every word of Polish, but I learned language. Here as in other human gifts the brain is wired to learn.