Paul Strathern: Schopenhauer in an hour

MyeBooks 20180429-1716
Strathern-Schopenhauer-ajk.txt (* txt -> HTML)
1,628,94,fil,eng,20180217,20180219,2, Paul Strathern: Schopenhauer in an hour
20180217-20180219, 94 pages, 2* SalesInfo o eng

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1.YhteenvedotReviewsРезюме
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2.SisällysluetteloContentsСодержание
(1,2,3,4,5)
3.MuistiinpanotHighlightsПримечания
h
4.SanastoVocabularyСловарь
w
5.KielikuvatIdiomsИдиоми
i
6.GmapsGmapsGmaps
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Yhteenvedot Reviews Резюме (Code: ###)

Paul Strathern: Schopenhauer in an hour

What a disappointment!

Inspired by Paul Strathern's excellent book 'Leibniz in an hour' I decided to read the whole long series of all the prominent philosophers in an hour, took this my favourite Schopenhauer. Started reading, being aware of the Big Brother's surveillance for not learning too much. Made more scarce notes than in Leibniz in order to reach to the end. But no way! Again the red-OK Stop mark "Your selection exceeds the copy limit set by the Publisher of this book." No more notes for my ingenious MyeBooks learning devise. What a pity! This repeated incidence means also: no more 'in an hour' books for me, just when I got accustomed to the interesting and enlightening background information style of them.

Having recently read practically all Schopenhauer's production particularly the three main works mentioned in this compendium: On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason, The World as Will and Representation and Parerga and Paralipomena I had no other idea of my favourite philosopher's private life than the famous picture of him illustrated from backside walking away with his dog. Now Paul Strathern giving in this book a very colorful picture of Arthur S as gentleman, not abstaining from the joys of the society life with culture and women. Became understandable why he wrote also on these two mondane subjects along with his all embracing subject of will and representation.

Acknowledging the sympathetic merits of the author, but deeply indignated for the publksher's attitude towards learning I cannot give but the very rare two stars as the sign of good bye for this good idea of concise caricatures of famous philosophers.

Какое разочарование!

Вдохновленный превосходной книгой Пола Стразерна «Лейбниц за час», я решил прочесть всю длинную серию всех видных философов за час, взял этот мой любимый Шопенгауэр. Начал читать, осознавая наблюдение Большого Брата за то, что не слишком много учился. Сделал более скудные ноты, чем в Лейбнице, чтобы достичь до конца. Но никак! Снова красная-ОК Стоп-марка «Ваш выбор превышает лимит копирования, установленный издателем этой книги». Больше никаких замечаний для моих гениальных учебных программ MyeBooks. Как жаль! Это повторяющееся заболевание также означает: для меня больше нет «в часах» книг, только когда я привык к интересному и просвещенному фонологическому информационному стилю.

Недавно прочитав практически все произведения Шопенгауэра, в частности, три основные работы, упомянутые в этом сборнике: «О четном корне принципа достаточного разума», «Мир как воля и представление», «Парга и паралипомены», у меня не было другого представления о личной жизни моего любимого философа, знаменитая фотография его проиллюстрирована с задней стороны, уходящей со своей собакой. Теперь Пол Стратерн дает в этой книге очень красочную картину Артура S как джентльмена, не воздерживаясь от радостей жизни общества с культурой и женщинами. Стало понятным, почему он написал также об этих двух предметах мандана вместе со всем его охваченным субъектом воли и представления.

Признавая сочувствующие достоинства автора, но глубоко возмутивший отношение к ученику, я не могу дать, но очень редкие две звезды, как знак до свидания за эту хорошую идею о сжатых карикатурах известных философов.

Mikä pettymys!

Innoittamana Paul Strathernin erinomainen kirja "Leibniz tunnissa" päätin lukea koko pitkän sarjan kaikkien tunnettujen filosofien tunnissa, otti tämän suosikkini Schopenhauerin. Aloitti lukemisen, kun hän oli tietoinen Big Brotherin valvonnasta, joka ei tiennyt liikaa. Tehtiin enemmän niukkoja muistiinpanoja kuin Leibnizissä päästäkseen loppuun. Mutta ei mitään! Jälleen punainen-OK Stop -merkki "Valintasi ylittää tämän kirjan julkaisijan määrittämän kopion rajan." Enemmän muistiinpanoja nerokasta MyeBooks-oppimistani. Mikä sääli! Tämä toistuva esiintyvyys merkitsee myös: minulle enää "tunneina" kirjoja juuri kun sain tottuneet heidän mielenkiintoiseen ja valaisevaan taustatietotyyliin.

Äskettäin luki äskettäin käytännöllisesti katsoen kaikki Schopenhauerin tuotannosta erityisesti tässä yhteenvedossa mainituista kolmesta pääteoksesta: Riittävän syyn periaatteen nelinkertaisesta juuresta, Maailman tahdosta ja edustuksesta sekä Parerga ja Paralipomena Minulla ei ollut muuta käsitystä suosikki filosofiani yksityiselämästä kuin kuuluisa kuva hänestä, joka on näytetty takapuolelta kävelymatkan päässä koirastaan. Nyt Paul Strathern antaa tässä kirjassa hyvin värikkään kuvan Arthur S: stä herrasmieheksi, ei pidättäytyä yhteiskunnan elämän iloista kulttuurin ja naisten kanssa. Hänestä tuli ymmärrettävää, miksi hän kirjoitti myös näille kahdelle sanattomalle aiheelle sekä hänen kaikkiin tahtonsa ja edustuksensa ympäröivään.

Kirjoittajan sympaattisten ansioiden tunnustus, mutta syvästi ylvättynyt julkaisijan suhtautumisesta oppimiseen, en voi antaa, mutta hyvin harvinaiset kaksi tähteä on hyvä merkki siitä, että tämä hyvä käsitys kuuluisten filosofien lauluista karikatyyreistä.

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Sisällysluettelo Contents Содержание (Code: (1,2,3,4,5))

94000001 Cover
10001 Title Page
30002 Introduction
50003 Schopenhauer’s Life and Works
680004 Afterword
72000401 Further Information
72000402 From Schopenhauer’s Writings
80000403 Chronology of Significant Philosophical Dates
86000404 Chronology of Schopenhauer’s Life
88000405 Recommended Reading
900005 About the Author
910006 2Copyright
910007 About the Publisher
910008 ### enrufi
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Muistiinpanot Highlights Примечания (Code: h)

1 (3)
Descartes, who doubted everything and reduced our knowledge to one central certainty: ‘Cogito ergo sum’ (I think, therefore I am). Unfortunately he then proceeded to rebuild our knowledge, much as if nothing had happened. After this, the British empiricists Locke, Berkeley, and Hume embarked upon a similarly rigorous destructive process, claiming that our knowledge can only be based on experience.
2 (3)
Taking account of empiricism but refusing to be cowed by it, Kant constructed the greatest of all philosophical systems.
3 (3)
Schopenhauer, was to treat this monstrosity with the contempt it deserved. Schopenhauer was to maintain a recognisably Kantian point of view with regard to epistemology (how we know the world).
4 (5)
With Schopenhauer we return to planet earth – with a vengeance. As a man, Schopenhauer was a nasty piece of work, but his writings are immensely endearing. Of the great philosophers he was the finest stylist since Plato.
5 (5)
Schopenhauer, on the other hand, makes it very plain that he regards the world and our life in it as a bad joke.
6 (13)
It was during this period that Schopenhauer’s friend Anthime, from Le Havre, arrived to study business in Hamburg. They both had money, and on the weekends the two of them went around the stage doors picking up actresses and chorus girls. If they didn’t score with them, they would make up for it with ‘the embraces of an industrious whore’.
7 (16)
University of Göttingen. He enrolled as a medical student but soon began attending lectures in philosophy. It was here that Schopenhauer discovered Plato and then began reading Kant, who was to have such an overwhelming influence on his philosophy.
8 (16)
bitterly disappointed when he tried studying the more modern work of Hegel.
9 (17)
Schopenhauer came to the opinion that he was a giant among midgets on the philosophical scene in Göttingen; in 1811 he switched to Berlin to study under Fichte, the leading German philosopher of the period.
10 (18)
Kantian exploration of the four types of cause and effect (logical, physical, mathematical, and moral).
11 (21)
The young Schopenhauer’s admiration for the aging Goethe was deep and heartfelt.
12 (23)
Oupnekhat, to what we now call the original: The Upanishads. It is ironic that Schopenhauer’s questionable use of this questionable text was to provide a solid foundation for modern philosophic pessimism, a strain of thought that remains firmly with us to this day.
13 (27)
Schopenhauer’s The World as Will and Representation is prefaced, curiously, with a quotation from Rousseau: ‘Sors l’enfance, ami réveilletoi!’ (in effect: ‘Grow up and come to your senses, my friend’).
14 (28)
façade of the world, the phenomena we experience, is supported by the universal Will.
15 (28)
Our only hope is to liberate ourselves from the power of this Will
16 (28)
In his earliest mature work, The Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason, Schopenhauer
17 (29)
In his earliest mature work, The Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason, Schopenhauer
18 (30)
Schopenhauer stresses that all these causes and effects belong to, and operate solely within, the phenomenal world.
19 (31)
On the one hand we can perceive ourselves operating in the physical world of cause and effect, but we also intuit and are aware of the Will within us. This we may glimpse as the Will to Life whose ghostly presence informs all our actions. Schopenhauer argues that this does not directly cause our actions, it somehow underlies them.
20 (32)
Although we can be aware of our actions on these two levels – act, Will – it is difficult to separate the two. Schopenhauer views the Will as a universal force that supports or irradiates all phenomena. As individuals we are merely a tiny part of this all-embracing blind Will. – yet most of us would probably describe this as individual willpower rather than participation in some universal force.
21 (38)
‘Survival of the fittest’ does not necessarily include willpower of any sort, even in the most variegated, sublimated, or degraded form.
22 (38)
Darwin saw adaptation as the means of survival.
23 (41)
So far so good. But Schopenhauer extends this inference from our introspection of will to the all-pervasive Will.
24 (43)
Similar thinking permeates the wisdom of the Hindu sages. But there is a subtle difference between Schopenhauer’s advice and the goal of such oriental religion.
25 (58)
Thomas Hobbes, author of The Leviathan. According to Hobbes, without government ‘the life of man [is] solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short’. These were sentiments with which Schopenhauer heartily concurred. (Indeed, there are times when he appeared to find this the case even when people did have government.)
26 (61)
Schopenhauer abhorred both the revolutionaries of the left and the authoritarian right-wing Prussian state (so beloved of Hegel).
27 (63)
Parerga and Paralipomena (from the Latin ‘Ornaments and Omissions’).
28 (65)
His views on women are predictably unacceptable. For example: ‘Only a male intellect clouded by sexual desire could call the stunted, narrow-shouldered, broad-hipped, and short-legged sex the fair sex.’ (Viewed as a mirror of its author, this scarcely reflects favourably
29 (65)
Parerga and Paralipomena is by far the most readable work written by any major philosopher since Plato, and remains surprisingly in tune with modern sensibilities despite certain easily recognisable grotesqueries.
30 (66)
Schopenhauer’s combative pessimistic writings were to prove a deep influence on such disparate figures as Wagner, Freud, Tolstoy, Nietzsche, and Jacob Burckhardt,
31 (68)
how could Schopenhauer really claim to know that behind the world of appearances lay a cold, dark, unrelenting and unthinking Will? According to Schopenhauer, we are all given the opportunity to see behind the world of appearances – by looking inside ourselves.
32 (73)
Only at one point do I have access to the world other than as representation. This is in myself. When I perceive my body, this is representation …. But I am also aware of those urges which give rise to this representation: this is the Will. Only within myself do I have this dual knowledge of Will and representation. –
33 (76)
But the truth is, what we complain of not knowing is not known by any one or any thing, and is in itself absolutely unknowable. It is in fact inconceivable. – Parerga and Paralipomena, Sec 67 => Wittgenstein
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Sanasto Vocabulary Словарь (Code: w)

1 scurrilous (13)
solvaava
2 tryst (51)
kohtaus
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Kielikuvat Idioms Идиоми (Code: i)

1 Survival of the fittest (38)
Luonnonvalinta
2 just as a cured cripple refuses crutches (77)
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Gmaps Gmaps Gmaps (Code: g)

1. Gdańsk Puola
2. Hampurin satama Hampuri, Saksa
3. At the age of ten he was sent away for two years to France to learn French, staying with the family of a business friend of his father’s in Le Havre. Le Havre Ranska
4. Bordeaux Ranska
5. Toulon Ranska
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